How to Become an IAS Officer After 12th

The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is one of the most prestigious and powerful positions in the nation, attracting numerous aspirants who envision changing society through executive leadership and decision-making. While the journey to becoming an IAS officer is challenging, it is not impossible. This comprehensive guide aims to help and inspire students who aspire to pursue a career in the civil services, starting from the Class 12 stage.

How to Become an IAS Officer: A Comprehensive Career Guide After 12th


Dreaming of becoming an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer after completing your 12th standard? The path to this prestigious position requires dedication, hard work, and a well-thought-out plan. We have prepared an in-depth career guide to help you understand the eligibility criteria, important dates, and courses required to achieve your goal of becoming an IAS officer. Additionally, we’ll explore the ideal graduation choices for those who have pursued 12th with a science background, particularly in PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics).

How to Become IAS Officer After 12th?

Becoming an IAS officer after completing 12th standard is a remarkable feat. However, the process involves several essential steps. After completing 12th, you must pursue a bachelor’s degree, appear for the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), and undergo rigorous training at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA). This career path demands dedication, comprehensive preparation, and an unwavering commitment to public service.

How to Become an IAS Officer:

Career Guide, Courses The journey to becoming an IAS officer requires meticulous planning. Aspiring candidates should focus on choosing the right courses and academic path to excel in their pursuit. Option for a graduation degree that aligns with your interests and strengths. While any discipline is acceptable for the UPSC exam, popular choices include subjects like History, Public Administration, Political Science, and Sociology. Additionally, consider enrolling in coaching programs specifically tailored to the Civil Services Examination to enhance your preparation.

How to Become IAS Officer:

Eligibility, Important Dates,. To be eligible for the UPSC Civil Services Examination, candidates must be Indian citizens and meet certain age criteria. Aspirants should possess a bachelor’s degree from a recognized university. The UPSC releases the examination notification annually, typically in February, with the application process commencing soon after. It’s crucial to stay updated with the official UPSC website to be aware of the latest notifications and important dates.

How to Prepare for IAS After 12th Board Exams?

For those who have just completed their 12th board exams and aspire to become IAS officers, it is advisable to commence their preparations early. While pursuing a graduation degree, simultaneously focus on developing a strong foundation in General Studies, which is a crucial component of the UPSC exam. Engage in self-study, read newspapers regularly to stay updated with current affairs, and practice answering mock test papers to improve time management skills.

Which Graduation is Best for IAS After 12th PCM?

Students with a science background, particularly in PCM, often wonder about the ideal graduation options for IAS preparation. While engineering or science-related degrees are acceptable, they may not directly align with the UPSC syllabus. Consider opting for humanities or social science disciplines such as Political Science, Public Administration, or Sociology. These subjects offer relevant knowledge and help build a strong foundation for the Civil Services Examination.


Becoming an IAS officer after completing 12th is a commendable goal, but it demands meticulous planning and unwavering dedication. This career guide has provided valuable insights into the eligibility criteria, preparation strategies, and suitable graduation choices for aspiring IAS officers. Remember that success in the UPSC exam requires consistent effort, self-discipline, and a deep commitment to serve the nation. Start your preparations early, stay focused, and believe in your abilities to achieve your dream of becoming an IAS officer.

How to Become an IAS Officer Step by Step:

Complete Graduation:

Aspirants cannot opt for the UPSC right after Grade 12. A graduate degree from an accredited university is mandatory to be eligible for the UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE). While students can begin preparing for the exam during their college years, they must graduate before appearing for the UPSC CSE.

Choose the Right Stream:

While there is no prescribed stream for the IAS exam, selecting appropriate subjects like History, Geography, Political Science, Public Administration, and Economics in Class 11 and 12 can lay a strong foundation for future IAS aspirants. These subjects offer insights into social, political, and economic aspects of governance.

Focus on Academic Excellence:

During school years, students should strive for academic excellence, develop good study habits, maintain discipline, and cultivate intellectual curiosity. A strong educational base serves as a solid foundation for future studies and preparations.

Stay Updated with Current Affairs:

Regularly read newspapers, magazines, and online platforms to stay informed about national and international events, government policies, and socio-economic issues. A strong general knowledge base is essential for the UPSC examination.

Which Graduation is Best for IAS After 12th?

Bachelor of Arts (BA):

Most UPSC aspirants prefer studying a Bachelor of Arts degree, as it aligns well with the syllabus and requirements of the IAS exam. Subjects like Political Science, Public Administration, Law, Economics, and History are often chosen due to their relevance to civil services.

Other Graduation Options:

While BA is a popular choice, candidates can also pursue other streams like Bachelor of Science (BSc), Bachelor of Commerce ( B Com), or Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Law (BA LLB) if they have a keen interest and align their optional subjects accordingly.

How to Start Preparation for IAS After 12th:

Develop Early Study Habits:

Start preparing for the UPSC exam by focusing on current events, taking notes, and regularly reading the news even during school years.

Join a Coaching Institute:

Consider joining a reputable coaching institute to receive guidance, mentorship, and specialized coaching for the UPSC exam. Self-study and dedication are equally crucial for success.

Understand the Exam Pattern:

Familiarize yourself with the UPSC exam pattern, which includes the Preliminary Examination (Objective Type), the Main Examination (Descriptive Type), and the Personal Interview.

Create a Study Plan:

Create a well-structured study plan that covers all subjects, prioritizes weaker areas, and allows for effective time management. Set achievable targets and monitor your progress regularly.

Refer to Standard Textbooks:

Utilize standard textbooks recommended by experts for each subject to gain in-depth knowledge and understanding.

Practice Answer Writing:

Regularly practice writing answers to essay-type questions, case studies, and descriptive questions. Take mock tests to assess your performance and improve answer presentation and time management skills.


Preparing for the UPSC examination after Grade 12 requires dedication, focus, and a strategic approach. By choosing the right graduation stream, staying updated with current affairs, and diligently preparing for the exam, aspiring IAS officers can increase their chances of success in the very first attempt. The journey may be challenging, but with the right mindset and dedication, one can achieve their dream of becoming an IAS officer.


Do we need to complete our graduation before giving the UPSC examination?

Yes, the applicant must be a graduate of a university with official recognition. Candidates who are in their final year or who are awaiting results are also eligible to take the UPSC preliminary examination.

Can we prepare for the UPSC examination while doing our graduation?

Yes, you can. You have an advantage over candidates if you are also preparing for the IAS. You can complete up to 70% of the UPSC Exam’s syllabus if you put in a little extra effort during your graduate studies.

Which degree is most advantageous for UPSC preparation?

The majority of applicants prefer to study a Bachelor of Arts degree in order to pass the UPSC Exam, hence the data indicate that this is the ideal graduate degree for the UPSC IAS. Frequently, applicants from these streams perform exceptionally well on the Civil Services Examination.

Also read:- How To Become An IAS Without Coaching

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